Engel-type subgroups and length parameters of finite groups

Khukhro, E. I. and Shumyatsky, P. (2016) Engel-type subgroups and length parameters of finite groups. [MIMS Preprint]

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Abstract

Let $g$ be an element of a finite group $G$. For a positive integer $n$, let $E_n(g)$ be the subgroup generated by all commutators $[...[[x,g],g],\dots ,g]$ over $x\in G$, where $g$ is repeated $n$ times. By Baer's theorem, if $E_n(g)=1$, then $g$ belongs to the Fitting subgroup $F(G)$. We generalize this theorem in terms of certain length parameters of $E_n(g)$. For soluble $G$ we prove that if, for some $n$, the Fitting height of $E_n(g)$ is equal to $k$, then $g$ belongs to the $(k+1)$th Fitting subgroup $F_{k+1}(G)$. For nonsoluble $G$ the results are in terms of nonsoluble length and generalized Fitting height. The generalized Fitting height $h^*(H)$ of a finite group $H$ is the least number $h$ such that $F^*_h(H)=H$, where $F^*_0(H)=1$, and $F^*_{i+1}(H)$ is the inverse image of the generalized Fitting subgroup $F^*(H/F^*_{i}(H))$. Let $m$ be the number of prime factors of $|g|$ counting multiplicities. It is proved that if, for some $n$, the generalized Fitting height of $E_n(g)$ is equal to $k$, then $g$ belongs to $F^*_{f(k,m)}(G)$, where $f(k,m)$ depends only on $k$ and $m$. The nonsoluble length~$\lambda (H)$ of a finite group~$H$ is defined as the minimum number of nonsoluble factors in a normal series each of whose factors either is soluble or is a direct product of nonabelian simple groups. It is proved that if $\lambda (E_n(g))=k$, then $g$ belongs to a normal subgroup whose nonsoluble length is bounded in terms of $k$ and $m$. We also state conjectures of stronger results independent of $m$ and show that these conjectures reduce to a certain question about automorphisms of direct products of finite simple groups.

Item Type: MIMS Preprint
Subjects: MSC 2010, the AMS's Mathematics Subject Classification > 20 Group theory and generalizations
Depositing User: Professor Evgeny Khukhro
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2016
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 18:18
URI: http://eprints.maths.manchester.ac.uk/id/eprint/2447

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