Single Scan Parameterization of Space-Variant Point Spread Functions in Image Space via a Printed Array: Impact for two PET/CT Scanners

Kotasidis, FA and Matthews, JC and Angelis, GI and Noonan, PJ and Jackson, A and Price, P and Lionheart, WR and Reader, AJ (2011) Single Scan Parameterization of Space-Variant Point Spread Functions in Image Space via a Printed Array: Impact for two PET/CT Scanners. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 56 (10). p. 2917. ISSN 1361-6560

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Incorporation of a resolution model during statistical image reconstruction often produces images of improved resolution and signal-to-noise ratio. A novel and practical methodology to rapidly and accurately determine the overall emission and detection blurring component of the system matrix using a printed point source array within a custom-made Perspex phantom is presented. The array was scanned at different positions and orientations within the field of view (FOV) to examine the feasibility of extrapolating the measured point source blurring to other locations in the FOV and the robustness of measurements from a single point source array scan. We measured the spatially-variant image-based blurring on two PET/CT scanners, the B-Hi-Rez and the TruePoint TrueV. These measured spatially-variant kernels and the spatially-invariant kernel at the FOV centre were then incorporated within an ordinary Poisson ordered subset expectation maximization (OP-OSEM) algorithm and compared to the manufacturer's implementation using projection space resolution modelling (RM). Comparisons were based on a point source array, the NEMA IEC image quality phantom, the Cologne resolution phantom and two clinical studies (carbon-11 labelled anti-sense oligonucleotide [11C]-ASO and fluorine-18 labelled fluoro-l-thymidine [18F]-FLT). Robust and accurate measurements of spatially-variant image blurring were successfully obtained from a single scan. Spatially-variant resolution modelling resulted in notable resolution improvements away from the centre of the FOV. Comparison between spatially-variant image-space methods and the projection-space approach (the first such report, using a range of studies) demonstrated very similar performance with our image-based implementation producing slightly better contrast recovery (CR) for the same level of image roughness (IR). These results demonstrate that image-based resolution modelling within reconstruction is a valid alternative to projection-based modelling, and that, when using the proposed practical methodology, the necessary resolution measurements can be obtained from a single scan. This approach avoids the relatively time-consuming and involved procedures previously proposed in the literature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Positron Emission tomography
Subjects: MSC 2010, the AMS's Mathematics Subject Classification > 45 Integral equations
MSC 2010, the AMS's Mathematics Subject Classification > 65 Numerical analysis
PACS 2010, the AIP's Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme > 80 INTERDISCIPLINARY PHYSICS AND RELATED AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY > 87 Biological and medical physics
Depositing User: Prof WRB Lionheart
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2015
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 14:13

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