Qiu, Changkai and G├╝ttel, Stefan and Ren, Xiuyan and Yin, Changchun and Liu, Yunhe and Zhang, Bo and Egbert, Gary (2018) A block rational Krylov method for three-dimensional time-domain marine controlled-source electromagnetic modeling. [MIMS Preprint]

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We introduce a novel block rational Krylov method to accelerate three-dimensional time-domain marine controlled-source electromagnetic modeling with multiple sources. This method approximates the time-varying electric solutions explicitly in terms of matrix exponential functions. A main attraction is that no time stepping is required, while most of the computational costs are concentrated in constructing a rational Krylov basis. We optimize the shift parameters defining the rational Krylov space with a positive exponential weight function, thereby producing smaller approximation errors at later times and reducing iteration numbers. Furthermore, for multi-source modeling problems, we adopt block Krylov techniques to incorporate all source vectors in a single approximation space. The method is tested on two examples: a layered seafloor model and a 3D hydrocarbon reservoir model with seafloor bathymetry. The modeling results are found to agree very well with those from 1D semi-analytic solutions and finite-element time-domain solutions using a backward Euler scheme, respectively. Benchmarks of the block rational Krylov method demonstrate that it can be as up to 10 times faster than backward Euler. The block method also benefits from better memory efficiency, resulting in considerable speedup compared to non-block methods.

Item Type: MIMS Preprint
Uncontrolled Keywords: Controlled source electromagnetics (CSEM); Numerical modelling; Marine electromagnetics; Electromagnetic theory
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