# Computing the Action of Trigonometric and Hyperbolic Matrix Functions

Higham, Nicholas J. and Kandolf, Peter (2016) Computing the Action of Trigonometric and Hyperbolic Matrix Functions. [MIMS Preprint]

We derive a new algorithm for computing the action $f(A)V$ of the cosine, sine, hyperbolic cosine, and hyperbolic sine of a matrix $A$ on a matrix $V$, without first computing $f(A)$. The algorithm can compute $\cos(A)V$ and $\sin(A)V$ simultaneously, and likewise for $\cosh(A)V$ and $\sinh(A)V$, and it uses only real arithmetic when $A$ is real. The algorithm exploits an existing algorithm \texttt{expmv} of Al-Mohy and Higham for $\mathrm{e}^AV$ and its underlying backward error analysis. Our experiments show that the new algorithm performs in a forward stable manner and is generally significantly faster than alternatives based on multiple invocations of \texttt{expmv} through formulas such as $\cos(A)V = (\mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{i}A}V + \mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{-i}A}V)/2$.