Bayesian data assimilation in shape registration

Cotter, Colin and Cotter, Simon and Vialard, Francois-Xavier (2013) Bayesian data assimilation in shape registration. Inverse Problems, 29 (4).

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In this paper we apply a Bayesian framework to the problem of geodesic curve matching. Given a template curve, the geodesic equations provide a mapping from initial conditions for the conjugate momentum onto topologically equivalent shapes. Here, we aim to recover the well-defined posterior distribution on the initial momentum which gives rise to observed points on the target curve; this is achieved by explicitly including a reparameterization in the formulation. Appropriate priors are chosen for the functions which together determine this field and the positions of the observation points, the initial momentum p0 and the reparameterization vector field ν, informed by regularity results about the forward model. Having done this, we illustrate how maximum likelihood estimators can be used to find regions of high posterior density, but also how we can apply recently developed Markov chain Monte Carlo methods on function spaces to characterize the whole of the posterior density. These illustrative examples also include scenarios where the posterior distribution is multimodal and irregular, leading us to the conclusion that knowledge of a state of global maximal posterior density does not always give us the whole picture, and full posterior sampling can give better quantification of likely states and the overall uncertainty inherent in the problem.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: MSC 2010, the AMS's Mathematics Subject Classification > 62 Statistics
MSC 2010, the AMS's Mathematics Subject Classification > 76 Fluid mechanics
Depositing User: Dr Simon L Cotter
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2017 14:13

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