Hochman, Michael and Shmerkin, Pablo (2009) Local entropy averages and projections of fractal measures. [MIMS Preprint]

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Abstract

We show that for families of measures on Euclidean space which satisfy an ergodic-theoretic form of "self-similarity" under the operation of re-scaling, the dimension of linear images of the measure behaves in a semi-continuous way. We apply this to prove the following conjecture of Furstenberg: Let m,n be integers which are not powers of the same integer, and let X,Y be closed subsets of the unit interval which are invariant, respectively, under times-m mod 1 and times-n mod 1. Then, for any non-zero t: dim(X+tY)=min{1,dim(X)+dim(Y)}. A similar result holds for invariant measures, and gives a simple proof of the Rudolph-Johnson theorem. Our methods also apply to many other classes of conformal fractals and measures. As another application, we extend and unify Results of Peres, Shmerkin and Nazarov, and of Moreira, concerning projections of products self-similar measures and Gibbs measures on regular Cantor sets. We show that under natural irreducibility assumptions on the maps in the IFS, the image measure has the maximal possible dimension under any linear projection other than the coordinate projections. We also present applications to Bernoulli convolutions and to the images of fractal measures under differentiable maps.

Item Type: MIMS Preprint
Uncontrolled Keywords: CICADA, Hausdorff dimension, convolutions, orthogonal projections, invariant measures
Subjects: MSC 2010, the AMS's Mathematics Subject Classification > 28 Measure and integration
MSC 2010, the AMS's Mathematics Subject Classification > 37 Dynamical systems and ergodic theory
Depositing User: Mr Pablo Shmerkin
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2009